Emergency Supplies (mainly for snow)
The rule of threes is that you can survive 3 minutes without air.
Have bottled water if the water supply goes you only have 3 days to live.
You can go 30 days without food. You have 4 minutes to get help with a heart attack.
If it is possible snow should be shoveled and a straight path at all times to get a stretcher in or fireman. If cars are in driveways and do not start they could block firemen or EMS from entering.
Have everything done like laundry beforehand. You may need all your energy.
Havre cash at home as ATM’s may be out and cash will be needed.
Have all your medications, first aid, bottled water, flashlight, radio and batteries and a go bag ready.
Wear reflective vest so cars don’t hit you
Check expiration dates on fire extinguisher and smoke detector batteries.
Have dust a mask, sky mask, rock salt and knee high boots.
Have a phone and other devices charged.
If electricity is out:
Have your pantry full. Dry food examples: peanut butter, pretzels, nuts, rice cakes, sesame seeds, pita chips, crackers, cookies, gum, sucking candy, granola and power bar…
Powdered or can milk, if none on the shelves there maybe chocolate milk unsold, juice box and bottles.
There is dry food that is microwaveable: noodles, soup, macaroni…
Cans: fruit, soup…
Have frozen food and a freezer filled, for more freezer space you can use snow outside.
Be careful of a cat stealing it.
Have enough toiletries, tissues, toothpaste, soap…
Clothes and heat for the coldest day of the year and prolonged outside exposure.
Wear layers and breathable wickable fibers so no water or sweat stays. Wickable fibers are used a lot for hikers and mountain climbers. Water could lead to pneumonia and other bad effects.
You can get frostbite in minutes. A hat is crucial because a lot of body heat is lost through your head. Feet must kept warm and dry or bad effects.
Have a waterproof hats with dog ears to strap over your ears and under your chin.
For wind proofing wear a neoprene sky mask or scarf. Nylon blocks the wind.
Warm coats have Thinsulate, Goretex or down. Goose down is warmer than duck down. Cheaper is a light windproof waterproof shell coat and warm vest underneath.
Gloves and boots can have the same material.
Warm shirts and pants could be wool, flannel, corduroy or many fibers.
There are waterproof and wind proof pants.
Wear a sweater or vest over it.
Consider thermal underwear, usually tops are not needed. Thermals and sweat shirts make you sweat and are not breathable.
For big snow storms and flooding consider knee high waterproof boots.
To insulate windows buy plastic for windows. New windows use a gas in the window for better insulation. For a cold apartment consider a sleeping bag. Consider a hand warmer used for football games. Never use the gas stove for heat without anything cooking, it could cause an explosion if there is a spark.
In a real emergency you can live in ice like an igloo if knowledgeable of it.
You may have to go to a sporting goods or camping gear store for special clothes and dry food.
If you have a drafty apartment or no heat you might want to sleep in another room or hall that has no window or vent. The worst case I heard of was sleeping in a closet.
Stores try to sell a season ahead so at the end of winter or March they sell up to 50% off. They don’t want to pay for storing it, inventorying it for a year because it may go out of style by then. Snow is unsafe to eat. Within an hour after falling car fumes get in it.
BC safety tips http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/offices/security/
The safe way to shovel snow
These are tips from Consumers Reports. Using a snow blower do not wear loose fitting clothes as they catch and beware of many finger injuries. Shoveling snow tips: Try to shovel when the snow is still light and powdery. Dress appropriately. Light, layered, water-repellent clothing provides both ventilation and insulation. It is also important to wear the appropriate head coverings, as well as mittens or gloves and thick, warm socks. Take a break if you feel yourself getting too hot or too cold. Avoid falls by wearing shoes or boots that have slip-resistant soles. Use good timing and technique. When lifting snow, bend your knees, keep your back as straight and vertical as possible, and stand up. The closer your hand is to the scoop, the lighter the load will feel. When pushing snow, keep the handle low, in your hip area, and push using your legs. Take small amounts of snow. And do not throw the snow over your shoulder or to the side—the twisting motion can stress your back. Pace yourself and watch for warning signs. Take frequent breaks and replenish fluids to prevent dehydration. If you feel pressure or pain in your chest, or discomfort spreading to your shoulders, neck, jaw, arms, or back, call for an ambulance immediately, chew and swallow an aspirin, and lie down. You could be having a heart attack. People often shovel first thing in the morning, when heart attacks are more likely. That’s why the American College of Emergency Physicians advises against shoveling if you have a history of heart attacks. In this case, it’s probably best to enlist someone to remove the snow for you.